There is no one rule or a set of strategies that applies to all alike for memory management. The basic thing to start with is the understanding of your own individual memory behavior and profile. It means that you have to brainstorm to find what are your memory strengths and weaknesses. For this, people take a lot of memory self-tests.
The easiest way is to ask yourself certain questions related to your memory like:
(a) If you can remember each and everything said in last 24 hours?
(b) Can you remember any information for a long-term or short-term?
(c) So you have any problem in remembering numbers for long?
You can form a chain of questions and their answers will help you a great deal in identifying your powers and weaknesses. Score yourself to know yourself.
Tips to improve memory for students
If you feel that you are not comfortable evaluating your memory power in such a way, and you are unable to develop a memory strategy based on these self-evaluation results, follow some general principles to enhance your memory.
Some of the exceptional memory management tricks: memorization techniques for students
Separate understanding from remembering:
We feel that if we can understand a concept well, we will be able to remember it for long, but it is not so. This will not help the students to score well in traditional exams. The students need to develop some kind of activity for enabling the remembrance of what was their understanding for long term. Revision for example, reinforces the understanding and helps to remember the concept for longer time.
Activate Prior Knowledge:
While learning new knowledge, students should activate the prior knowledge. Ask yourself questions like What do you know about… ? Why was it like this? etc. Activating prior knowledge is like a ‘hook’ to hang on the new information on it.
Maintenance rehearsal transfers the information to short-term memory. Remembering a telephone no. till it is dialed is an example of maintenance rehearsal. But remembering it for life time requires elaborative rehearsal.
For example, reciting the telephone no. in front of the mirror or in mind to remember it for long is an example of elaborative rehearsal. Similarly, in vocabulary learning, we use index cards in which we write the word on one side of the card and its meaning and use on the other side. Then we repeat it over and over again. This repetition over and over again is an example of elaborative learning. Elaborative learning transfers the information from short-term to long-term memory and keeps that information stored in long-term memory.
Multiple Sensory Learning:
While learning, we must use multiple sensors (touch, smell, taste, hear and watch) for understanding the concept. Together with multiple-sensors, we must apply multiple-format learning. Multiple format learning comes in two ways – linear and spatial. The e.g. of this type of learning is the learning through a computer software ‘Inspiration’. This software boosts visual thinking patterns in students. With the help of this software students related their ideas, words and concepts with image of some sort. That image may be a graph, picture, linear presentation or anything like that. This software supports graphic organization, mind mapping, diagramming, outlining etc. All of these tools enforce multiple sensory and multiple format learning.
Following Mnemonic Methods:
This is a well-known way of memory training. Mnemonic methods make use of patterns of letters, numbers, ideas etc. or their association. Memorizing with acronyms, acrostics, rhymes, detailing etc. are of all examples of mnemonic methods applied in studies. Mnemonics apply visual imagery or verbal elaboration to the concepts to help recall the information quickly. Students should develop their own mnemonics methods or they can master the existing mnemonic methods and apply them in their studies.
Are you aware about your own memory? Well, metamemory is a branch of knowledge which deals with the self-assessment of one’s own memory. This makes you aware about the processes and content of your own memory. For e.g. it lets you to know about how confident you are about the accuracy of your memories? If a student can identify weakness related to the working of his/her memory, he/she will be able rectify that weakness by developing certain specific strategy of memory enhancement. For e.g. if a student recognizes at some point that he/she is good in developing visual short-term memory but is unable to keep up with the auditory memory, he/she can develop a specific strategy to rectify that part.
The elaborated ways are the best ways for managing the memory for high school students. From all the points, metamemory part needs more research. Once a student is able to identify his/her memory patterns, a special strategy can be developed to deal with it. But the difficult part is how to develop the special strategy.